Fisherman Anders Jansson with fishing gear. Photo: Henrik C Andersson
The County Administrative Board works towards viable fisheries and a long-term sustainable fishing industry.
There are a host of regulations in place relating to both recreational and commercial fishing, stipulating where you are allowed to fish, when you are allowed to fish and how you should fish. The rules are extensive and prone to continuous change, and can be found on the website of the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management (SwAM).
The County Administrative Board has regional responsibility for the development of the fishing industry. It includes everything from ensuring that the fishing policy is implemented in the county to taking initiatives for developing industry and informing the government with regard to industry issues and opportunities in the county. The fishing industry consists of commercial fishing and the processing industry, aquaculture and fishing tourism.
The County Administrative Board manifests itself when the Marine and Water Authority examine fishing licenses and permits for various types of fish. For fishing in public waters in the sea and the five big lakes Vänern, Vättern, Mälaren, Hjälmaren and Storsjön, a fishing license and permit for fixed gear are required. The County Administrative Board examines licenses for fixed gear. We deal with EU support for investment in commercial fishing, aquaculture, the processing industry as well as in ports with commercial fishing. We also ensure that fishing regulations take regional interests into account, and we work towards vibrant commercial fishing that can supply consumers with good quality fish.
The fisheries legislation specifies the conditions for the establishment of fish, crayfish and mussel farming, and the County Administrative Board issues authorization. We also deal with applications for EU grants provided for the establishment of aquaculture and may also provide applicants with advice on localization and authorization pertaining to start up.
Fishing tourism is a relatively young industry within fishing and the development is at different levels in different parts of Sweden. Within the area of fishing tourism area we work in close collaboration with municipalities and local fishing conservation organizations, including formulating fishing policies in an appropriate manner. We can also provide advice and financial support to those who want to develop, establish and promote a tourist fishing business. The latter is largely done through contributions to rural development.
The County Administrative Board provides grants to licensed commercial fishermen so that they can seal-proof their fishing gear. Fishermen may also receive compensation for the damage caused by seals to their gear and catch.